viernes, 1 de abril de 2011

barranquilla carnival




Barranquilla Carnival 'is the largest and most important festival ofBarranquilla, the most festive and colorful Colombia, besides being one of the most recognized in the world. More than a million and half people,visitors and Barranquilla participate in the party. It takes place from Saturdaythrough Tuesday before Ash Wednesday, usually in February andsometimes early March. Has a tradition of over a hundred years. Thecarnival season begins the second Saturday of January, when public holidays begin and festivities, however, other activities directly related to thecarnival will take place during much of the year.1''
Carnival is a cultural event which express and represent all cultural varietiesof the Caribbean Coast, it unleashes the folklore of the region, the mostdiverse local cultural events, music and dancing. It is, undoubtedly, the mostrepresentative of the city, an entertainment area that annually attracts locals and visitors. Therefore, the renowned broadcaster and journalist MarcoPérez Caicedo, said: "He died Pindanga, what mourning or what the hell,long live the carnival!".
For its variety and cultural wealth, the Carnival of Barranquilla has won twomajor awards: "Cultural Heritage of the Nation ', in a statement issued by theNational Congress of Colombia on November 26, 2001, and" Masterpieceof Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity ', granted by UNESCO in Parison November 7, 2003.


history
The carnival comes from the fusion between ancient pagan festivals and the Catholic tradition. It is an event where the party and the fun comes first, before entering the austere time of Lenten penance. During Carnival, people dress up in an act of fun and uninhibited. The traditional costumes Carnival of Barranquilla are marimonda, scribbles, Congo, the bull and monocuco, the latter of European origin. Are a source of laughter and scares all kinds of animal species, native and foreign, black Africans, big heads, insane; muñecotas, super-heroes, mythological beings, gay and Death, among an almost endless. Features Barranquilla Carnival masks are bull, tiger and bear for, among others. The satirical costumes and alluding to current events are a source of collective hilarity and cause great expectation each year.4
In 1888 he created the figure of King Momo, male counterpart of the Queen of Carnival.
In 1899 he created the office of President of the Carnival and Organizing Board.
In 1903 he organized the first Battle of Flowers, to celebrate the end of the War of the Thousand Days.
In 1918 it elected the first queen to preside over the festivities of Carnival, being chosen Alicia Lafaurie Roncallo.
From 1923 he was institutionalized during the reigns, which had been suspended for five years. It is named Tona Vengoechea Vives.
In 1967 he entered the carnival the parade, parade of folk dances (without floats) that takes place the second day of carnival.
In 1969 he created the Festival Orchestra, musical competence and gender that is disputed between the different singers and orchestras performed at the Carnival. Winners in each category receive the coveted Oro.5 Congo
Since 1974, Forero Esthercita initiative is carried out Guacherna, an event that would rescue a lost tradition, the parades, cumbia and drums that night cheered the city's neighborhoods.
In 2001, the Carnival of Barranquilla receive the recognition of "National Cultural Heritage" by the National Congress of Colombia.
In 2003 he was declared by UNESCO "Masterpiece of Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity."

activities
During this time, Barranquilla and a number of outsiders who come to the city abandon the collective enjoyment, to drink and dance. The festivities, which are chaired by the Carnival Queen and King Momo, are lit from the Pre-carnival, which starts "officially"with the whistle announcing the arrival of the new year. Pre-carnival events begin with the reading of the proclamation, continue with the storming of the city, the Coronation of the Queen, the Children's Carnival, the Gay Parade, and the most important celebration of the Pre-carnival, The Guacherna, great night parade a Friday before the Saturday of Carnival, established in 1974 through the initiative of composer Esthercita Forero.
Carnival begins on the Saturday of Carnival firm with the Battle of Flowers, his central and most important act. It is a great parade of floats, head of the Queen of Carnival, followed by folk groups and bands cumbiambas first organized in 1903 by General Heriberto Arturo Vengoechea to celebrate the end of the War of the Thousand Days. Since 1991 takes place on the Via 40, after having performed for years on the Avenue Olaya Herrera (race 46), alleys HQ (race 44) and July 20 (race 43) and on the promenade of Bolivar. In parallel, other acts carried out as 17 street parade or procession of King Momo and the Battle of Flowers of Remembrance at the Alley headquarters (race 44).
Carnival Sunday, also on Via 40, stages the Great Parade of Tradition, parade established in 1967, where only are traditional folk groups, cumbia and extras. In the parade does not parade floats.
Carnival Monday marks the Festival Orchestra (established 1969), 5 from the early afternoon until early Tuesday. The Festival involved in various musical categories orchestras and groups that are presented in the many dances of the carnival. Winners in each category receive the coveted Golden Congo same day is celebrated on the Via 40 the Fantasy Parade.

By way of closing, the Mardi Gras takes place Joselito Carnaval's funeral, which symbolizes the end of the festivities. On this day in many parts of the city are made humorous "burial" of Joselito, a character who symbolizes the joy of the holidays, who had "resurrected" the Saturday of carnival and "die" on the last day tired and "enguayabado" for "resurrect" the following year in the next carnival. At night is celebrated in the neighborhood below, or Peace Square encounter a funny litany with which, in simple lines and its characteristic tone, vented, criticize and comment on current affairs, national and local international. The next day, Ash Wednesday begins Lent, a period of religious devotion and abstinence preceding the week Santa.6 S2 S2 rafael.

Groups and folk dances

The dance is a vital component of the Barranquilla Carnival, as well as folk music, litanies and costumes. The Carnival of Barranquilla can enjoy happier air coastal folklore [1], such as cumbia, puya, Jala, chandé [2], the joint, bullerengue, bird, mapalé the merecumbé, guaracha, rhythms from Africa or the musical expression of the Caribbean Sea basin, as salsa and merengue, and other rhythms like vallenato, reggaeton and tropical. Cumbia is the main rhythm of Carnival, especially in the parades as the Battle of Flowers and The Grand Parade, where the cumbia or large groups of couples dance, the man wooing the woman, and woman flirting with it. In addition to the cumbia, highlights the mapalé, rhythm based on the movements of fish and where women and men move by contracting the abdomen, also various traditional dances daily gain greater ground in one of the carnivals the world.

Characters and costumes

The list is almost endless costume of the imagination of Barranquilla for Carnival. One of the most representative costumes marimonda is the unique set of the wit Barranquilla, because the rest are of European or African. Was born when a Barranquilla, having no money to dress, came dressed with a bag, tie and trousers old, put upside down and, as a mask, a sack of flour which opened three holes, to mock the rest fellow citizens. It also is said to be a mockery of corrupt state officials. The costume actually consists of trousers, long sleeve shirt, tie, sweater or vest, and a mask made with a kind of cloth bag with three holes, lined with fabric tubes filled with a long nose, like a member virile, and ears like those of elephants, with colored shapes. This costume should always be accompanied by a whistle, rubber, known as "pea pea", which serves to express intemperate sound waste and the joy that is disguised as marimonda. Well known is the saying Barranquilla: "It is nothing but the disguise of marimonda the jumps you have to give." Some of the characters and traditional costumes and are representative of the Barranquilla Carnival
Carnival Queen
King Momo
Popular Queen
Mary Moñitos
La Loca
The Doodle Dance
Litanies groups
The cumbiambas
Gay QueenDescabezado

The African
Dracula
Marimonda
El Torito
The Congo
The monocuco
The Cabezones
The Muñeconas
El Tigrillo
The bold Puloy




 Archivo:Marimondas.jpg

Archivo:Disfraz de El Garabato.jpg





Conclusion:
 The carnival is a very big happiness of every barranquilla that motivates the whole people to dancing to enjoying his traditions to make holidays in his house dance up to the dawn to enjoy in family. The carnival represents very much for every colombia being one of the best of the world where trasmiten happiness good treatment and that could return to his cities and countries that barranquilla is the city mas happy of colombia showing the best dances and dances that prepare themselves to do very much all the year round a worthy work and that it is liked by the whole people who sees it to the whole people of the world preparing this way also the coaches where they are going to go different artist of the country and of the world







Introduction

 In this work the different difrases can see the different frmas of living and to enjoy itself the carnival

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